Thanks for joining the conference!!

IUFRO 3.08 Small-scale Forestry & IUFRO 6.08 Gender and Forestry
International Joint Conference in Fukuoka, Japan
Future Directions of Small-scale and Community-based Forestry
8-12 Sep., 2013

Small-scale forestry provides important environmental protection, landscape conservation and rural development benefits as well as timber production in many countries. However, small-scale forestry faces many challenges in developed and semi-developed countries, especially associated with aging, declining birthrate, depopulation, and unemployment in rural districts. In order to establish sustainable small-scale forest management and to succeed it to future generations, with some countries are responding by developing policy measures such as structural reforms of fragmented forest land, consolidation of forest practices, concentration of governmental subsidies and enhancing the role of forest ownersf cooperatives.

In many countries, small and fragmented forestland ownership is quite common. In some countries, communal forest ownership as a residue from feudal era is still alive and has been managed by rural community. In one hand, such communal forests or commons may be considered as a pre-modern and inefficient style of ownership and which are likely to disappear under the market economy. On the other hand, communal forests offer a variety of possibilities for conservation of ecological landscapes or healthy rural development, which we are eager to achieve in modern society

Looking at developing countries, in some cases, there has been moves for forest land tenure/ownership to be distributed to communities or individuals with the rapid acceleration of decentralizing policy in the forestry sector. Under such circumstances, researchers are struggling to analyze and understand how to accomplish a successful management of such community-based forestry, under the name of community forestry, participatory forestry, collaborative forestry, joint forest management and so on.

To better understand the present situation and the future challenges of small-scale forestry as well as different types of community-based forestry, a gender perspective is needed. This means that ggenderh should not only be considered as an explanatory variable when searching for differences in utilization and management of forest resources, but furthermore as a concept to be explored. In family forestry for instance, research has shown that culturally conditioned ideas of what it is (or should be) to be a woman or a man, has an impact on inheritance positions, division of work and influence, and participation in management activities. The same seems to be valid in community-based forestry. However, gender research in forestry is still scarce and fragmented, and in many parts of the world there is not even any reliable gender disaggregated data that can be used as a basis for implementing gender mainstreaming in the forestry sector. Anyway, it is apparent that the number of women forest owners is increasing in many western developed countries, and also that more women are joining in the forestry in other ways. Research based knowledge on the driving forces and hindrances of change as well as the processes and the consequences are therefore essential for the development of small-scale and community-based forestry.

Community-based forestry as well as small-scale forestry has the hot issues to sustain sound forest management in both developed and developing countries. The International Joint Conference in Fukuoka 2013 is therefore to be held under the main theme of gFuture Directions of Small-scale and Community-based Forestryh. As for discussing future directions, theoretical background or definition of small-scale forestry and community-based forestry must be analyzed and shared. Then, case studies in different countries and in different methodologies should have been piled up. Finally, future directions are to be discussed and designed as a result of all the papers presented at the conference.

International Joint Conference of IUFRO unit 3.08 "Small-scale Forestry" and unit 6.08 "Gender and Forestry" is scheduled on 8 to 12 of September, 2013 in Fukuoka, Japan. This will be the second meeting of Small-scale Forestry in Japan followed by Kyoto 1997, and the first one of Gender and Forestry. Moreover, it is worth having the joint conference of the two groups at the first time.

We are going to have sub-sessions at the conference. Details are to be announced after the submission of the abstracts in January 2013. Oral and poster presentations dealing with the following issues are widely welcomed.

Role of small-scale and community-based forestry for rural development
Theoretical and conceptual issues of small-scale and community-based forestry
Womenfs participation to Community-based forestry
Activity of womenfs organization for SFM
Agroforestry & non-timber forest products
Land tenure & traditional inheritance system
Modification of traditional community-based forestry
Landowner attitudes toward forest management
Activities of forest owners cooperatives
Education & communications in forestry
Consolidation of forest practices to overcome fragmented land
Timber markets and distribution systems

Fukuoka City is a capital of Fukuoka Prefecture located in Kyushu island. Over one million people are living in Fukuoka City, which has been playing an important role as the gate to Asia in Japanese history. Facing at sea on the north and mountains on the south, Fukuoka is one of the most attractive cities in Kyushu, and many tourists come from not only all over Japan but neighboring countries.

We are looking forward to welcoming you with good food and warm atmosphere as well as interesting excursions and sessions.

Noriko Sato (representative for the Japanese organizing committee)